Week 2: Understanding climate change

Hello everyone,

I hope you had a nice weekend. We are in the second week of our e-discussion. We welcome those who have just joined us. If you have not introduced yourself yet and shared what you would like to learn about climate change, please do so in Week 1.

Our focus this week is on understanding climate change and its effects.

These are the questions you need to respond to this week:

  1. What is your understanding of climate change?

  2. How is climate change affecting you and farmers in your area?

  3. What information do farmers need about climate change?

  4. How do you get this information?

For any other topic not related to the one at hand, please use the cafe. You can also share some resources on climate change in this forum.

Please click on the reply button to contribute.

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Q1). Climate change is the global phenomenon of climate transformation characterized by the changes in the usual climate of the planet (regarding temperature, precipitation, and wind) that are especially caused by human activities. As a result of unbalancing the weather of Earth, the sustainability of the planet s ecosystems is under threat, as well as the future of humankind and the estability of the global economy.

Q2). Farmers of both agricultural and livestock production are largely dependent on rainfall, the country’s high rainfall variability and limited irrigation capacity make them vulnerable to climate change. The rising frequency of drought and shorter rainy seasons has led to increasing crop loss and food insecurity in Zambia, which affects all country people including media fertinety.

Q3). Farmers are need to know and understand what climate change is? Causes of It? How it can be avoided?.
farmers would be in need to know weather patterns and others related information.

Q4). Farmers are updated with weather patterns / Climate Change through different platforms such as Radio, TV, News Papers etc from Zambia Meteorological Department (ZMD) and other weather forecast site.


Q1) Climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperatures and weather patterns. These shifts may be natural, but since the 1800s, human activities have been the main driver of climate change, primarily due to the burning of fossil fuels (like coal, oil and gas), which produces heat-trapping gases.

Q2) Zambia has been experiencing adverse impacts of climate change - including an increase in frequency and severity of seasonal droughts , occasional dry spells, increased temperatures in valleys, flash floods and changes in the growing season.

The overall poverty rate in Zambia is 57.5% and as high as 84.3% in Eastern Province. Rural communities in Eastern Province are among the world’s most vulnerable to the adverse impact of climate change. Soil nutrient levels in the province have diminished and longer dry seasons stunting crop growth .

Q3 Drive more efficiently. In particular, observe speed limits and avoid rapid acceleration and excessive breaking. Don’t drive aggressively. Switch to “green power .” Switch to electricity generated by energy sources with low—or no—routine emissions of carbon dioxide.

Farmers should be fully aware of impacts of climate change

Q4) Scientists have been observing Earth for a long time . They use NASA satellites and other instruments to collect many types of information about Earth’s land, atmosphere, ocean and ice. This information tells us that Earth’s climate is getting warmer.

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Climate change from my understanding, is the change of weather patterns that affect the normal rainfall or temperature. The effects vary from place to place such that in certain areas the rains are excessive and causes floods while in other places it is erratic and causes severe droughts. As for the temperature, it becomes either too hot or too cold and making life very difficult for all living things. It affects the ecosystem to and extent that survival becomes difficult and some species have already been driven to extinction because they cannot copy with these changes in rainfall and temperature patterns.

Climate change is really affecting the community where I live. Farmers can no longer plant crops according to the seasons that they have always known. The change in seasons means that the rainfall pattern also changes. For example, the rainy season here was 3-4 months beginning in mid November to mid April. Nowadays the rainy season lasts for one and a half months. Usually it will be either excessive rains that cause massive flooding which results in soil erosion or erratic rains that does not help crops to grow at all. The water bodies are drying up very fast and most of the country is fast becoming arid. Livestock farmers struggle to find pastures to graze their animals. Peasant farmers, who are the majority in Zimbabwe are becoming poorer each year because they lose livestock due to successive droughts. To worsen the already dire situation, there is no support from the central government to the farmers like what we see in Europe when disasters strike the farmers. The farmers are really going on their own.

The farmers need information on which types of breeds they need to keep if they are livestock farmers and those into crop production need to know the right varieties that are resistant to heat and mature very early. They also need frequent updates on when the rains are expected to start falling so that they will know the right time to plant. They also need disaster warning information on things like floods i.e when they are likely to hit and also their intensity. They also need to learn about new techniques of farming (conservation farming) which could give them better yields.

This information is available from different stakeholders, government ministries, UN agencies, donors, media outlets. The main constraint here is the lack of simplifying the language so that the illiterate farmer on the ground benefits from this information.

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  1. Climate change is the change in climatic conditions that help the earth balance and these conditions include weather, human activities, land and air management.
  2. Climate change is affecting me and farmers in my area by air pollution from industries that have been erected on what used to be forests and farms, diversion of water bodies that have led to some drying up, water contamination due to toxic waste being deposited in rivers, over application of chemicals to crops and massive cutting down of trees. The list is endless
  3. Farmers need information on how their harmful farming activities are contributing to climate change. They need to be educated on safer farming practices and how to preserve nature. Farming is a business and every farmer would want to make quick cash by using chemical fertilizers and pesticides but all these have reparcations not only on the end user but on the continuity of their farming activities in future
  4. I got this information from several agriculture organisations on the internet, attending workshops, watching documentaries and observations during my travels around the country and from farmers.
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(1) Climate change is the long-term shift in average weather patterns and alteration of temperature across the world which is largely caused by human activities such as cutting down of trees to burn charcoal charcoal and make timbers without even planting more, damping of waste products anyhowly and etc.

(2) Climate change is affecting farmers at a very higher level especially at this time where there are unpredictable rains Wich make them not to understand the exerct time to do certain of their farming activities such as planting. Due to this most of the time they would even end up planting crop which can not servive to give out the yields required by them, to be worse crops even which can’t give any yields at all hence resulting to food insecurity. This effects not only farmers but also other people including media.
(3) Farmers need to understand fast what it this thing called “Climate change”,what causes it then in what way one should overcome. This is because also fermers contribute to climate change which a being experience through some activities they are involved such as use of poor methods of ferming.
(4)The information can be obtained from agricultural experts the area, Ministry of Agriculture and also Weather Forecast Departments.

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  1. Climate change according to my understanding is the long-term adjustment of temperature and distinctive weather patterns in a specific place. Therefore this climate change mostly is largely caused by human activity, like burning fossil fuels, natural gas, oil, coal. Burning these materials releases what are called greenhouse gases into Earth’s atmosphere.
  2. Climate change currently has affected almost all stages of people, poor or rich, sick or health, climate change doesn’t spare despite where you are.
    • Climate change has affected me in different angles such that the weather pattern is not predictable. I have no idea on what to tell my listeners especially when to plant and when the rains will seriously start. As a broadcaster I have no answers to give to many questions farmers may ask in line with climate as the world keeps on changing and in different stages.
    Climate change and agriculture are interconnected processes; agriculture is extremely vulnerable to climate change. Farmers are affected direct and indirectly eg.

• Like here in Zambia most of the farmers are affected by high temperature, which influences wilting of crops, low their yields
• In the other hand farmers are also affected by extremely very low temperature which results in poor crop stand, promote propagations of diseases,
• There is also the issue of drought and other areas the farmers are affected by flood at this is due to unpredictable weather conditions.eg floods (crops washed away, water logged in residential areas, While drought (poor crop stand, crop wilting, etc )

• Farmers are affected when it comes to issue on decision making on which crop to grow that will be favorable to the their environment.

  1. The information that farmers need like of currently are:
    • Information on weather forecast, when is the onset of rain, how is the seasonal forecast be like, when will the rains ends.
    • What is climate change, what contributes to increase in climate change and how to mitigate it?.
  2. Climate information especially here in Zambia, We relay mostly in platforms like TV, Radio, ZMD Watsapp Platform, Conservation Meetings, Workshops, face book, Resources for Google etc

Climate Change is alteration of the pattern and mode of the nature of climate per time.
When there is a shift or taking another form apart from the one understood or known by all, then it is said to have changed or transform into another pattern.

Climate Change, cannot just be said to affect the weather conditions only, but in a sense has and is affecting everything about human existence: where there is scarce resources; food, economic activity in a given area, there might be crisis, which may lead to migration to safer places which will add up to the already existing challenges there is in such a place.

Climate Change affects both social life of the people where a lot are already struggling for survival as a result of a myriad of problems affecting the people.

Farmers are experiencing irregular rainfall pattern, which is affecting crop production, crop yield and bumper harvest. There is flood that either washes the farmlands and inflicting great losses to the farmers - thereby leading to food shortages.

Climate Change in my area has seen the influx of Fulani herdsmen coming in large numbers as a result of near or no rain in the northern part of Nigeria. Therefore, the Fulani herdsmen migrates to the middle Belt of Nigeria in search of grasses for their cows. This causes strains on the scarce resources and sometimes leads to farmers clashes.

There is soaring prices of food stuffs, somestimes luring farmers to sell their crops in exchange for money but at the long run buys food stuffs later at an exorbitant prices. This is causing hunger and greater poverty to the farmers.

Farmers don’t have insurance when it comes to losses of their crops and farmlands as a result of these climate change.

Farmers needs an in-depth understanding of what climate change is all about. How does it affects their farming - planting periods? How to mitigate it. It’s long and short term effects. Are they (farmers) too contributing towards the climate change?

Farm Radio International has materials in Bazawire, this discussion forum, experts in climate issues, UN and many other private organizations concerned about the climate change are churning out materials to enlighten people on the topic in question.

  1. Climate change is a shift in temperatures and weather patterns, these shifts may be natural like in Nigeria my country rain fall starts by June till October, then hot weather in November.harmattan rain early December.But now rain starts April and May. Even this November there was heavy downpour.

  2. Farmers goes into cultivation fasters than usual now…As for me there is environmental pollution.

  3. Farmers need to know about climate change which has cause a shift in cultivation. This knowledge will help them to know when to start planting.
    They also need knowledge of what they do wrong that contribute to climate change like burning of grasses ; which would have been better if allowed to decompose resulting to manure which increases the productivity of the soil.

  4. I got this information from Ministry of Agriculture. 2)Television and radio broadcast. 3) From what is happening in my environment . Thank you.


Good evening everyone,

Question 1:
Climate change is the long-term alteration of temperature and typical weather patterns in a place. … The cause of current climate change is largely human activity, like burning fossil fuels, like natural gas, oil, and coal. Burning these materials releases what are called greenhouse gases into Earth’s atmosphere.

Question 2:
Warmer temperatures over time are changing weather patterns and disrupting the usual balance of nature. This poses many risks to human beings and all other forms of life on Earth.
Hotter temperatures
Nearly all land areas are seeing more hot days and heat waves; 2020 was one of the hottest years on record. Higher temperatures increase heat-related illnesses and can make it more difficult to work and move around. Wildfires start more easily and spread more rapidly when conditions are hotter.
More severe storms
Changes in temperature cause changes in rainfall. This results in more severe and frequent storms. They cause flooding and landslides, destroying homes and communities, and costing billions of pounds.
Increased drought
Water is becoming scarcer in more regions. Droughts can stir destructive sand and dust storms that can move billions of tons of sand across continents. Deserts are expanding, reducing land for growing food. Many people now face the threat of not having enough water on a regular basis.
A warming, rising ocean
The ocean soaks up most of the heat from global warming. This melts ice sheets and raises sea levels, threatening coastal and island communities. The ocean also absorbs carbon dioxide, keeping it from the atmosphere. More carbon dioxide makes the ocean more acidic, which endangers marine life.
Loss of species
Climate change poses risks to the survival of species on land and in the ocean. These risks increase as temperatures climb. Forest fires, extreme weather and invasive pests and diseases are among many threats. Some species will be able to relocate and survive, but others will not.
Not enough food
Changes in climate and increases in extreme weather events are among the reasons behind a global rise in hunger and poor nutrition. Fisheries crops, and livestock may be destroyed or become less productive. Heat stress can diminish water and grasslands for grazing.
More health risks
Changing weather patterns are expanding diseases such as malaria. Extreme weather events increase disease and death, and make it difficult for health care systems to keep up. Other risks to health include increased hunger and poor nutrition in places where people cannot grow or find sufficient food.
Poverty and displacement
Climate change increases the factors that put and keep people in poverty. Floods may sweep away urban slums, destroying homes and livelihoods. Heat can make it difficult to work in outdoor jobs. Weather-related disasters displace 23 million people a year, leaving many more vulnerable to poverty.
All these effects affects humans and farmers in one way or another.

Question 3:

Adaptation – Climate change adaptation is the process of adjusting to current or expected climate change and its effects. It is one of the ways to respond to climate change, along with mitigation.
Mitigation – Climate change mitigation consists of actions to limit global warming and its related effects. This involves reductions in human emissions of greenhouse gases as well as activities that reduce their concentration in the atmosphere. It is one of the ways to respond to climate change, along with adaptation.
Farmers need information about farming techniques which they can apply in order to have good yields.

Question 4:

Through listening to radio stations, watching TV, reports from the Zambia meteorological department and Google.

Thank you.


Before I zero in on climate change, I need to explain some concepts to the house. We need to clearly understand these concepts.
Weather and Climate

  1. conditions you experience at a particular place and time (rain, humidity, temperature);
  2. it changes from minute-to-minute, hour-to-hour, day-to-day, and season-to-season
  3. Applies to a Limited area and time
  4. Can change rapidly
  5. Difficult to predict
    WEATHER is what’s happening outside your window right now.


  1. Average weather over time (30 years or more) for a particular region
  2. Refers to the long-term
  3. Covers a wide area
  4. Shows seasonal changes
  5. Measured over a long time

**Climate is what you expect, **
while weather is what you get…

Climate Variability:

  1. Natural fluctuations of weather elements (rainfall, temperature, winds…) above or below the average climate
  2. Time scales of seasonal, annual, decadal
    El Niño is a common example of climate variability

Definition of Climate Change
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) cloth with the authority on Climate Change issues define Climate Change as
Any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity.

It is persistent changes in average and variability of the climate over an extended period of time (several decades)

Causes of Climate Change
Changes in the atmosphere due to natural processes and/or human activity
Natural processes include Volcanic eruptions, Movement of Tectonic plates, Changes in the sun, etc
Human activities include any activity that releases “greenhouse gases” into the atmosphere (burning of fossil fuel, deforestation, improper handling and application of agrochemicals, improper feeding of ruminants, etc).

THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT: How greenhouse gases change our climate.
A Greenhouse is made of glass walls and roofs that allow Sunlight to shine in and warm the air and plants inside but also trap the heat and make it unable to escape. This leads to a general warming of the greenhouse. Therefore during the day, the greenhouse gets warmer and warmer inside and stays pretty warm at night too.
Similarly, the Earth is surrounded by an atmosphere composed of natural gases, some of which behave like the glass walls and roofs of a greenhouse and are therefore referred to as greenhouse gases (GHGs). Examples: Carbon dioxide (CO2), Nitrous oxide (N2O), Methane (CH4), etc.
During the day, the Sun shines through the atmosphere and warms up the Earth’s surface.
At night, the Earth’s surface cools, releasing the heat back into the air. However, the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap the heat released as the Earth’s surface cools, thus making the air warmer. This is a Natural or anthropogenic Greenhouse Effect.
So, the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere can warm up our globe and influence all other natural processes driven by heat.


Question 1.
Climate change refers to a shift in the weather patterns over time. This shift can occur naturally or due to anthropogenic activities. It is these anthropogenic activities that have contributed to the depletion of the ozone layer leading to this shift in the weather pattern.

Question 2
This phenomenon of climate change has and is affecting us and the farmers in many ways such as:
#low yields due to droughts and/or floods being experienced in many parts of the world.
#unpredictable rainfall pattern, nowadays it is almost impossible to plan your activities as a farmer because you can’t predict when rains will start like it was in the past.

Question 3
The information needed by the farmers is mainly to do with how they can maximize their yields amidst climate change. The information can range from what varieties farmers need to plant especially varieties which are drought resistant and early maturing varieties so that despite receiving less rains they can still harvest something.
Question 4
The information can be obtained from the experts from the ministry of agriculture through their extension officers.
I submit

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What Is Climate Change?

Climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperatures and weather patterns. These shifts may be natural, such as through variations in the solar cycle. But since the 1800s, human activities have been the main driver of climate change, primarily due to burning fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas.

Burning fossil fuels generates greenhouse gas emissions that act like a blanket wrapped around the Earth, trapping the sun’s heat and raising temperatures.

Examples of greenhouse gas emissions that are causing climate change include carbon dioxide and methane. These come from using gasoline for driving a car or coal for heating a building, for example. Clearing land and forests can also release carbon dioxide. Landfills for garbage are a major source of methane emissions. Energy, industry, transport, buildings, agriculture and land use are among the main emitters.

The Earth is feeling the heat.

Greenhouse gas concentrations are at their highest levels in 2 million years

And emissions continue to rise. As a result, the Earth is now about 1.1°C warmer than it was in the late 1800s. The last decade (2011-2020) was the warmest on record.

Many people think climate change mainly means warmer temperatures. But temperature rise is only the beginning of the story. Because the Earth is a system, where everything is connected, changes in one area can influence changes in all others.

The consequences of climate change now include, among others, intense droughts, water scarcity, severe fires, rising sea levels, flooding, melting polar ice, catastrophic storms and

People are experiencing climate change in diverse ways

Climate change can affect our health, ability to grow food, housing, safety and work. Some of us are already more vulnerable to climate impacts, such as people living in small island nations and other developing countries. Conditions like sea-level rise and saltwater intrusion have advanced to the point where whole communities have had to relocate, and protracted droughts are putting people at risk of famine. In the future, the number of “climate refugees” is expected to rise.

Every increase in global warming matters

In a 2018 UN report, thousands of scientists and government reviewers agreed that limiting global temperature rise to no more than 1.5°C would help us avoid the worst climate impacts and maintain a livable climate. Yet based on current national climate plans, global warming will reach 2.7°C by the end of the century.

The emissions that cause climate change come from every part of the world and affect everyone, but some countries produce much more than others. The 100 least-emitting countries generate 3 per cent of total emissions. The 10 countries with the largest emissions contribute 68 per cent. Everyone must take climate action, but people and countries creating more of the problem have a greater responsibility to act first.

Photocomposition: an image of the world globe looking worried to a thermometer with raising temperatures

We face a huge challenge but already know many solutions

Many climate change solutions can deliver economic benefits while improving our lives and protecting the environment. We also have global agreements to guide progress, such as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement. Three broad categories of action are: cutting emissions, adapting to climate impacts and financing required adjustments.

Switching energy systems from fossil fuels to renewables like solar or wind will reduce the emissions driving climate change. But we have to start right now. While a growing coalition of countries is committing to net zero emissions by 2050, about half of emissions cuts must be in place by 2030 to keep warming below 1.5°C. Fossil fuel production must decline by roughly 6 per cent per year
Adapting to climate consequences protects people, homes, businesses, livelihoods, infrastructure and natural ecosystems. It covers current impacts and those likely in the future. Adaptation will be required everywhere, but must be prioritized now for the most vulnerable people with the fewest resources to cope with climate hazards. The rate of return can be high. Early warning systems for disasters, for instance, save lives and property, and can deliver benefits up to 10 times the initial cost.

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Question 1
Climate Change by my understanding ordinarily means that the climatic conditions as we used to know it is changing or has changed to the extent it has called for concern for all inhabitants of the planet Earth. This change or changes beyond what I understand has got to what I feel. An average citizen of the globe now discuss climate change as an issue that affect every aspect of our lives. Climate change means more and severe effect of sunshine on all things that exist in our planet. It means less food from our farms, rampant flooding of our spaces, increase in migration of people, desert encroachment, drying up of our rivers, seas and lakes and other water bodies, great shift in season of rainfall, extended dry season, irregular harmattan season, rise in sea levels and many more negative things like rampant farmers’-herders clashes, threat to security, etc.
Question 2
Climate is affecting farmers in my area in different ways that include: less of rainfall to nurture farm crops and trees for greener environment, reduction in farm harvests and products, less income from the farm activities, hotter climate for plants and animals, threat to security, social, farming and cultural lives of farmers due to stress arising from climate change.
Question 3
Farmers need enlightening information about all aspects of climate change - causes, effects and likely ways of mitigating climate change. Farmers need every information related to climate change.
Question 4
Farmers can get these information from the farm radio broadcasters, agricultural extension workers, ministries of agriculture, development organizations, agricultural research institutes, etc.

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Q1. In simple terms
Climate change refers to the alterations in the weather patterns over time. The change in the weather pattern is as a result of natural occurrences as well as human activities e.g. burning charcaol, fuels in form of car smoke etc.

Q 2 change is the weather pattern has hugely affected our day to day lifes including farming. Here in zambia for example in the olden days the farming season began in october but this time around we are going into December yet some areas haven’t even had their first rains and only afew of the farmers have planted.

Q 3
Some of the info that Our farmers need has to do with the right varities to plant according to the predicted weather pattern for that farming season.sthe slope of land where to do the farming from. For example experts predict heavy rains, farmers will be advised to avoid using fields in low areas.

Q4 most of the information here in zambia is obtained via experts from the ministry of agriculture who use radio and tv to disseminate the information. Radio and tv stations are also a huge source of information through weather focus programs. The government has also employed a number of extension officers who stay close to farmers and interact through meetings.

I submit (Maila pride )


Emmanuel Mwanza
Q1) Climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperatures and weather patterns. These shifts may be natural, but since the 1800s, human activities have been the main driver of climate change, primarily due to the burning of fossil fuels (like coal, oil and gas), which produces heat-trapping gases.

Q2) Zambia has been experiencing adverse impacts of climate change - including an increase in frequency and severity of seasonal droughts , occasional dry spells, increased temperatures in valleys, flash floods and changes in the growing season.

Q3). Farmers are need to know and understand what climate change is? Causes of It? How it can be avoided?.
farmers would be in need to know weather patterns and others related information.

Q4). Farmers are updated with weather patterns / Climate Change through different platforms such as Radio, TV, News Papers etc from Zambia Meteorological Department (ZMD) and other weather forecast site.

Q4) Scientists have been observing Earth for a long time . They use NASA satellites and other instruments to collect many types of information about Earth’s land, atmosphere, ocean and ice. This information tells us that Earth’s climate is get


Qn1. Climate change is a phenomenon reflected in weather changes being felt in recent time over some years in comparison with what is expected. Causing negative effects in patterns of rainfall, time of rainfall, humidity & temperature. This is caused by human activities on earth polluting the atmosphere with gas emissions e.g. greenhouse gas, smokes that goes through the atmosphere to destroy the ionosphere ozone layer which covers the sun to reduce it’s intensity on earth. When the ozone layer is being destroyed, the sun intensity on earth increases while the green plants & forests that should have absorbed the higher sun intensity is being removed or drastically reduced due to human degrading activities. Hence, the higher temperature of the sun intensity dislodge the nature’s settings creating imbalances in weather.
Qn 2. This climate change affects the rainfall pattern, delayed onset of rain, variation in time of planting, unexpected high rainfall causing flood. Also inducing heat stress on humans, longer dry spell, affecting the ecosystem balance of other creatures e.g. pests, migration of birds & other pests and reducing the planting period, low yield & unpredictable natural occurrences.
Qn3. The farmers need regular information on early maturing varieties of crops, drought resistant varieties, newly researched time of planting, regular weather information for farming & living guide. Living guide as temperature variations daily or over time to avoid much cold or heat stress. Also for farmers education on sustainable farming that helps in reducing greenhouse gas emission especially in farming. And protect useful micro organism cohabiting in the ecosystem.
Qn 4… Sources & how to pass such information are from weather experts, agric experts, Scientists, agro market experts and through the mass media awareness creation e.g. radio, Tv.; Extension agents visits, agric experts etc. Thks. Taiwo Oduola - Trendlineagro.

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  1. Climate change simply refers to the shift of our weather conditions from the predictable to unpredictable for instance from the normal rainfall to floods or droughts.
  2. In Zambia, the adverse effects have been witnessed and experienced in some parts of the country, For instance, in 2017- 2018 farming season, the Southern region of the country experienced drought which resulted into hunger as farmers recorded poor harvest and in some extreme situation some farmers literally harvested nothing. In though, government provided some relief packs im the humger striken areas, families went hungry as the packs were a drop in the ocean especially for larger families which go up to 10 members or more. In some areas in the same season there were floods and houses including crops were destroyed. On the other hand, the presence of pests such as arm worms in the 2018-2019 farming season is another typical example of how climate change has negatively affected the farming community.
  3. Farmers need timely weather forcast information, what kind of seed to plant given the rain pattern and also farmers need adequate information on how they can adapt and mitigate impact of climate change.
    4.Through government departments such as ministry of agriculture, Zambia meteorological Department including NGOs working in the area of agriculture
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This is great, understanding the concept weather and climate very well explained I like this :+1: