Dear fellow discussants and experts.
Whenever i come across issues concerning gender i first of all try to define it as the socially constructed roles performed by men and women. In other words, society sets or constructs specific roles to be performed by men and sets those that are supposed to be performed by women. For example; women are supposed to cook, men are not supposed to cook, women do not ride bicycles, it is men supposed to ride. Girls or women are not supposed to climb trees, it is men supposed to do so. Men are supposed to be mechanics, but women can not be mechanics because this type of work is masculine...you can give all examples as you know them in our society.
Therefore this takes me to match "Gender and Nutrition" as discussed below.
Since there are specific roles for men and women, matters of nutrition in this sense bend more on the side of women since they have been made to be the providers of food. Society knows women are supposed to cook food. Whatever they prepare at home is determined by them. They can decide to change meals for their family for instance; they can decide to cook potatoes and beans for lunch, then prepare Matooke or Nsima with green vegetables for dinner. So people or family members will eat whatever is put on table for them.
Secondly, society has made women not to eat certain food stuffs like eggs and chicken. Also people have totems or clans that do not allow women to eat some types of fish E.g mud fish; which they say has breasts so women can not eat it. Although culture is changing in Uganda just like the way Pascal said, women especially old ones do not eat chicken and eggs. That chicken is supposed to be eaten by men and boys! Women especially the old ones can even prepare chicken and call boy children to taste if salt put in the chicken soup is enough- the chicken that she has prepared herself! This is because she is not supposed to eat it. It makes women miss on the food value got in chicken. A woman is also not supposed to eat eggs since society dictates that eggs are for men or boy children! So she will serve the boys with eggs and leave out the girls. But at times young girls or girl children can be given eggs for treatment purposes especially when suffering from measles.
In summary, it is mainly women who prepare food at home for their families. Whether nutritious food or not she will prepare food for people to eat. But for better health, women need to prepare a balanced diet and know how to prepare nutritious food. To considerable extent, culture is changing and a lot of things are changing where we nowadays see many women doing what was set by society for men.